Healthy Baby Sleep rules

Healthy Baby Sleep: Basic Rules

Healthy baby sleep
Fundamental rules

As with adults, for toddlers, sleep is a great way to process all the information the brain receives in a day. How much sleep do children need, and what does lack of sleep lead to at a young age?

How much do children need to sleep

The need for sleep varies with age. Newborns sleep about 20 hours a day, children from 2 to 4 years old - about 16 hours, 4-5 year olds should be provided 13 hours of sleep, children 6-7 years old should sleep 12 hours, and adolescents need 9 hours of sleep.

Unfortunately, in our time, not only parents who are busy with their careers and households, but also their children do not get enough sleep. According to statistics, about 5 percent of children are now sleep deprived as much as 1.5-2 hours a day, starting from toddler age.

Why do children lack sleep

Often the reason for lack of sleep is that not only mom and dad believe that proper sleep is not important for a baby, but in preschool institutions they have ceased to strictly monitor the correct organization of sleep.

But at home, the child gets all the opportunities to sleep less than necessary. He is allowed to stay up late for lessons, watch TV before bed, and play computer games.

If the baby does not get enough sleep

The consequences of sleep deprivation in children are somewhat different from those in adults.

In adults, as a result of sleep deficit, whether it is insomnia or lack of sleep, labor productivity decreases, the number of road accidents and the incidence of coronary heart disease increases, but in children, sleep plays a special role in development.

First, sleep is involved in the growth process. Nearly 80 percent of a baby's growth hormone is produced during the first sleep cycle. Sleep deprivation can cause stunting and stunted physical development in a child.

Imbalance, fussiness, forgetfulness, confusion in speech, not being critical about their behavior, according to scientists, often indicate that the child is not getting enough sleep. This is evidenced by the habit of rubbing the eyes, as if they were covered with dust.

In such children, the researchers note, normal working capacity is reduced, the functioning of the nervous system is disrupted. Sleep deficit reduces their ability to assimilate and process information, transfer and organize it in memory.

An equally important negative consequence of lack of sleep for babies is a decrease in the ability to adapt to stressful situations.

These changes are reversible and disappear when the correct sleep pattern is established. But children who, for one reason or another, do not have enough time to sleep, the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases increases.

Sleep needs conditions

There is an opinion that there is nothing wrong with the fact that a child falls asleep to the sounds of TV, conversations, it is believed that such a spartan manner of upbringing allows you to raise a child unviable. But this is a pretty serious misconception.

Special electroencephalographic studies have shown that in such an environment, the baby does not fall asleep deeply, and, therefore, the nervous system does not receive proper rest.


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